MIOSIS
m in e ra liz a tio n , d e n ta l
T h e d e p o s i t i o n o f c a l c i u m c r y s t a l s a n d
o t h e r m i n e r a l s a l t s i n d e v e l o p i n g t e e t h .
( S e e
c a l c i f i c a t i o n , d e n t a l
.)
m in e ra lo c o rtic o id
T h e t e r m
u s e d f o r a
c o r t i c o s t e r o i d h o r -
m o n e
t h a t c o n t r o l s t h e a m o u n t o f s a l t s
t h a t a r e e x c r e t e d i n u r i n e .
m in e ra l s u p p le m e n ts
D i e t a r y s u p p l e m e n t s c o n t a i n i n g o n e o r
m o r e
m i n e r a l s
i n t a b l e t o r l i q u i d f o r m .
M
o s t p e o p l e o b t a i n s u f f i c i e n t a m o u n t s
f r o m
t h e i r
d i e t ; s u p p l e m e n t s a r e
o n l y
n e c e s s a r y f o r t h o s e w i t h a r e c o g n i z e d
d e f i c i e n c y .
S o m e
m i n e r a l
s u p p l e m e n t s
m a y e v e n b e h a r m f u l i f t a k e n i n e x c e s s .
( S e e a l s o e n t r i e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l m i n e r a l s . )
I r o n
,
t h e m o s t c o m m o n l y t a k e n m
i n -
e r a l s u p p l e m e n t , i s u s e d t o t r e a t p e o p l e
w i t h
i r o n - d e f i c i e n c y a n a e m i a
,
w h i c h m a y
o c c u r i n w o m
e n w h o h a v e h e a v y m
e n -
s t r u a l
p e r i o d s
o r
a r e
p r e g n a n t
o r
b r e a s t - f e e d i n g , v e g a n s ( p e o p l e w h o e a t
n o m e a t , e g g s , o r d a i r y p r o d u c t s ) , a n d
p e o p l e w i t h p e r s i s t e n t i n t e r n a l b l e e d i n g
( f o r e x a m p l e , f r o m a
p e p t i c u l c e r ) .
m in e r’s lu n g
S e e
p n e u m o c o n i o s i s
.
m in ila p a ro to m y
A p r o c e d u r e f o r f e m a l e s t e r i l i z a t i o n ( s e e
s t e r i l i z a t i o n , f e m
a l e
) .
m in im a l a c c e s s s u r g e ry
S e e
m i n i m a l l y i n v a s i v e s u r g e r y .
m in im a l b ra in d y s fu n c tio n
A h y p o t h e t i c a l c o n d i t i o n t h a t i s t h o u g h t
t o
a c c o u n t
f o r
b e h a v i o u r a l
a n d
o t h e r
p r o b l e m s
i n
c h i l d r e n
f o r
w h i c h
n o
p h y s i c a l c a u s e i s f o u n d . I t m a y b e a p o s -
s i b l e c a u s e o f s o m e
l e a r n i n g d i f f i c u l t i e s
,
d i f f i c u l t y
i n
c o n c e n t r a t i n g ,
i m p u l s i v e -
n e s s , a n d
h y p e r a c t i v i t y
.
m in im a lly in v a s iv e s u rg e ry
S u r g e r y u s i n g a r i g i d
e n d o s c o p e
p a s s e d
i n t o t h e b o d y t h r o u g h a s m a l l i n c i s i o n .
F u r t h e r
s m a l l
o p e n i n g s
a r e
m a d e
f o r
i n s t r u m e n t s s o t h a t t h e
o p e r a t i o n
c a n
b e p e r f o r m e d w i t h o u t a l o n g i n c i s i o n .
M
i n i m a l l y
i n v a s i v e
s u r g e r y
m a y
b e
u s e d f o r a r a n g e o f o p e r a t i o n s o n t h e
a b d o m e n
( s e e
l a p a r o s c o p y
),
i n c l u d i n g
a p p e n d i c e c t o m y
,
c h o l e c y s t e c t o m y
,
h e r n i a
r e p a i r
,
a n d m a n y
g y n a e c o l o g i c a l
p r o c e -
d u r e s .
O p e r a t i o n s
o n
t h e
k n e e
( s e e
a r t h r o s c o p y
) a r e a l s o o f t e n p e r f o r m e d b y
m i n i m a l l y i n v a s i v e s u r g e r y .
m in ip ill
A l s o
k n o w n
a s
t h e
p r o g e s t o g e n - o n l y
p i l l ( P O P ) , a n
o r a l c o n t r a c e p t i v e
t h a t c o n -
t a i n s o n l y a
p r o g e s t o g e n d r u g
.
T h e m
i n i -
p i l l
m a k e s
t h e
m u c u s
t h a t
l i n e s
t h e
c e r v i x s o t h i c k t h a t s p e r m c a n n o t p a s s
a n d h a s o t h e r e f f e c t s t h a t i m p e d e c o n -
c e p t i o n . P o s s i b l e a d v e r s e e f f e c t s i n c l u d e
m e n s t r u a l i r r e g u l a r i t i e s ,
b l e e d i n g
b e t -
w e e n p e r i o d s , a n d
o v a r i a n c y s t s
.
m in o c y c lin e
A
t e t r a c y c l i n e
a n t i b i o t i c d r u g
u s e d
t o
t r e a t
a c n e
,
r e s p i r a t o r y - t r a c t
i n f e c t i o n s
s u c h a s
p n e u m o n i a
,
a n d s o m e g e n i t o u r i -
n a r y i n f e c t i o n s , s u c h a s
g o n o r r h o e a
a n d
n o n g o n o c o c c a l u r e t h r i t i s
.
I t i s a l s o u s e d t o
p r e v e n t m e n i n g o c o c c a l
m e n i n g i t i s
.
T h e
m o s t
c o m
m
o n
s i d e
e f f e c t s
a r e
n a u s e a ,
d i z z i n e s s ,
a n d
d i a r r h o e a .
T h e
d r u g m a y
a l s o i n t e r f e r e w i t h t h e b a l -
a n c e m e c h a n i s m w i t h i n t h e i n n e r e a r ,
c a u s i n g
d i z z i n e s s
o r
v e r t i g o
,
b u t t h e s e
p r o b l e m s
u s u a l l y
d i s a p p e a r
o n c e
t h e
d r u g i s n o l o n g e r b e i n g u s e d .
m in o x id il
A
v a s o d i l a t o r d r u g
u s e d t o
t r e a t
s e v e r e
h y p e r t e n s i o n
( h i g h b l o o d p r e s s u r e ) w h e n
o t h e r d r u g s h a v e b e e n i n e f f e c t i v e .
P r o l o n g e d
u s e
c a n
s t i m u l a t e
h a i r
g r o w t h , e s p e c i a l l y o n t h e f a c e . T h i s e f f e c t
m a y b e a p r o b l e m f o r p e o p l e u s i n g t h e
d r u g t o c o n t r o l h i g h b l o o d p r e s s u r e . I t
c a n , h o w e v e r , b e b e n e f i c i a l f o r m a l e - p a t -
t e r n b a l d n e s s ( s e e
a l o p e c i a
);
p r e p a r a t i o n s
c o n t a i n i n g
m i n o x i d i l a r e
a p p l i e d t o p i -
c a l l y t o s t i m u l a t e h a i r r e g r o w t h .
m io s is
C o n s t r i c t i o n
o f t h e
p u p i l
o f t h e
e y e
.
M
i o s i s m a y b e
c a u s e d b y
d r u g s
s u c h
a s
p i l o c a r p i n e
o r
o p i u m
,
b y
a
d i s e a s e
MINERALS AND MAIN FOOD SOURCES
Mineral
Sources
Calcium
Milk, cheese, calcium-fortified bread, butter and margarine, green
vegetables, pulses, nuts, soya bean products, hard water
Chromium
Red meat, cheese, butter and margarine, whole-grain cereals and
breads, green vegetables
Copper
Red meat, poultry, liver, fish, seafood, whole-grain cereals and breads,
green vegetables, pulses, nuts, raisins, mushrooms
Fluorine
Fish, fluoridated water, tea
Iodine
Milk, cheese, butter and margarine, fish, whole-grain cereals and
breads, iodized table salt
Iron
Red meat, poultry, liver, eggs, fish, whole-grain cereals and breads,
dried fruit
Magnesium
Milk, fish, whole-grain cereals and breads, green vegetables, pulses,
nuts, hard water
Phosphorus
Red meat, poultry, liver, milk, cheese, butter and margarine, eggs, fish,
whole-grain cereals and breads, green vegetables, rootvegetables,
pulses, nuts, fruit
Potassium
Whole-grain cereals and breads, green vegetables, pulses, fruit
Selenium
Red meat, liver, milk, fish, seafood, whole-grain cereals and breads
Sodium
Red meat, poultry, liver, milk, cheese, butter and margarine, eggs, fish,
whole-grain cereals and breads, green vegetables, rootvegetables,
pulses, nuts, fruit, table salt, processed foods
Zinc
Red meat, fish, seafood, eggs, milk, whole-grain cereals and breads,
pulses
M
509
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